Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombing: A Friend or a Foe?

During the 6th of August 1945, the Hiroshima bombing happened followed by the Nagasaki bombing three days later. America released their atomic bomb “Little Boy” in the zone of Hiroshima Japan while the atomic bomb known as Fat man was the one launched in Nagasaki. These two major bombings that made history around the globe were caused by the plan of United States of America to establish their supremacy over the Soviet Union during the warfare of this era.

At 8:15 in the morning, the attack in Hiroshima was ongoing after the dub of “all clear” by the person in charge who alerted his squad (CND n.p). There were previously workers located in their working place and most of them were known to be leading to drive their children to schools. After the bombing, the explosion that happened was unexpected since warnings and messages were not delivered thoroughly and efficiently. There were workers in the buildings exposed in open areas that had the task to deliver valuables around the country as well as that of the messages for firebreaks.  A lot of people were not able to prepare and hide for protection while the bomb to the highest degree affected the northwest part of the center of the city. Hiroshima was well thought-out to be the commercial interior and principal executive part of the southwest Japan. The city as well is the head office for the Chogoku Regional and Second armies that made it one of the main indispensable command stations for military in the nation state. Furthermore, Hiroshima is well thought-out as one of the numerous large supply depositories for military apparatus and mainly known as the site for transport of troops along with supplies.

On the other hand, Nagasaki is an overcrowded type of metropolis that is located close to the mountain coast. There were two rivers wherein one of that is the Urakami River, the place where the Little Man atomic bomb fell. Both of its marketable and residential districts were positioned near the rivers’ basins and the city’s urban area is located in the terrains and stretches up to 35 square miles. The Nagasaki City had a immense history when it move toward to commercial commerce however it greatly turned down as the years go off ; its former associates and importers as well as exporters then instituted it harder to convey their goods as Nagasaki is mostly mountains and browbeat facilities which were then insufficiently present. Although with the Mitsubishi industry being there, the industry of Nagasaki recuperated its strength. Adding together, there was also the institution of the companies such as Mitsubishi Shipyards, Electrical Equipment Works, Arms Plant and Steel Works that are considered to be the four chief firms and corporations in the city.

It is therefore important to investigate on the effects of the bombing in Japan, specifically, in both Hiroshima and Nagasaki so as to know whether there had been any significant difference to the economy or power of both America and Japan. It is very disturbing as well that America did that just to impress and establish their name on warfare. Hence, thorough studies should be done on every domain of the plan of United States after bombing the poor country.

In relation to the thesis statement, it can therefore be said that the bombing really did not give the country any advantages in both the economic growth and advancements that the United States of America really planned for (Kartz, Osdoby, n.p). It was more of destructive and downgrading to be the country chosen for testing of deadly firearms. It is therefore needed to really look deeper on the effects and happenings after the bombing of the two cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Reasons for the Bombing and its Effects on the Two Cities

The reasons stated by the United States for bombing are the following: one is that US was constraining the withdrawal of Japan and required them to admit their defeat in the swiftest time to subside the casualties of their own people (Tanaka, Young, n.p); secondly, the Americans wanted to take a shot on being the first one to use the atomic bombs in warfare and study how it affects every dominion of a nation and finally, is that the US decided to institute dominance over other powerful countries such as the Soviet Union by being first to attack Japan with their atomic bombs. There were equal teams created that aimed to fully investigate the consequence of bombing particularly on the determination, community life, transference, civil defense, physical impairment and considering both the economic and political ramifications of the incident (Kartz, Osdoby, n.p). Many experts were hired that functioned in the investigation starting  from the month of October up until December during the same year of 1945; the investigation was partaken by economists, architects,  photographers, draftsmen, engineers, fire experts as well as doctors adding up to at least 110 people.

The bombing that transpired in Hiroshima made a tremendous fire that sooner or later developed in a conflagration that made an upsetting death rate of not less than half the population of 350,000, approximately 100,000-180,000. In tally, 925 of all the constructions built in the metropolitan of Hiroshima existed were set into a blazing fire and thirteen square kilometers or approximately 5 square miles was burnt to remnants. This was because of the rushing of midair that voyaged at about 35 heaps per hour that come about hours subsequently the explosion. The atomic bombarding also had a prodigious impact on the administrations set for disaster administration as well as the life of the whole communities. Not fairly 30 percent of the inhabitants were injured while another 30 percent were deceased; these people remained part of the rescue groups but are now not functioning as well as the specialists and socio-civic assemblies. Congregates of people hunted for safe places to sojourn and food to vex and there were trips that accommodated these individuals. However, within the period frame totaling to 24 hours, many people departed back to their primordial places in pursuit for families  (Tanaka, Young, n.p), possessions and friends eager that they might still see and possess them. Conversely, there were obstructions present on roads that incapacitate these general public to effortlessly go back to their residences. There was correspondingly scarcity of lodging and food, at hand was practically nothing left ahead of them.

As a result of the event last 7th of August, there were already instructions passed on to facilitate the restoration projects as well as to mobilize all military troops to aid those in need. The buildings used by the armies were made into emergency sites were those were converted into hospital spaces and shelter to many. Supplies were delivered and distributed to the affected communities. Food, medicines, construction materials and clothing were also provided to the victims. People who were able to survive the tragedy helped out to those in need. Unfortunately, the medical assistance also becomes scarce given the fact that out of 200 doctors in the city of Hiroshima, only 30 were in good condition while 1654 nurses died leaving out only 126 nurses alive to help out with the medical duties and lastly three of the 45 existing hospitals only remained functional.  The lack of medical aids and facilities greatly account to the solemnity of casualties that happened in the city. There were great efforts from outside the city to help those affected however due to some constraints (The New York Times n.p); delays were inevitable that resulted to more and more devastations. Also, the fire-fighting team was lost and made consumed a great amount of time organizing rescue units of almost 30 hours. The transmission lines and system for distribution of the electricity were totally damaged but the transformers made out or rugged materials were able to be saved from the heat and blasts. It was only in the month of august that power was finally restored in the city. Also, the water supply was surprisingly saved from the bombing since it was concretized and buried underneath the earth. There were no leaks and pipes damaged. However, there were breakages of connections that six sewers became not useful.

On the other note, for Nagasaki, The city of Hiroshima was fortunate enough for the change in wind speed and directions that mitigate the firestorm that would have occurred as in the case of Hiroshima. However, like the case of Hiroshima, their medical facilities and doctors and nurses were badly devastated that more than 80 percent of the hospitals were completely damaged. Buildings made of wooden materials were burned into ashes and the death toll was about 80 percent. The disaster management facilities of the city were unorganized and the repair and reconstruction of water lines, electricity, roads, transportation and bridges were still. Out of 115 car company employees, only three survived the bombing and actually, during the month of November, no cars were seen functioning and travelling the whole city.

There was also a minimum possibility for life restoration as the official records, mass cremations, count of casualties were not possible to be done. Propitiously, even if there were no sanitary measures done within the whole city, epidemic outbreaks did not occur. Comparing the damage of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, the former had a badly greater one compared to the other even if it is smaller in radius. The destruction of the great corporations like Mitsubishi made the industry and company of Japan fell as it is one of the many reasons why the country had a good statistics. In addition, after the bombing, surveys were completed so as to assess the real damaged brought by the unfortunate event. The local as well as economic situation of the country was greatly dislocated. Losing the industries of steels in that the country greatly relied on was a big downfall. There were attempts to substitute steel with other products such as plastics but still, the decrease in pivotal industries and basic industries made a huge impact on their economy. There also ramifications and the manufacturing activities were greatly increased to 50 percent that was then just 25 percent. Furthermore, the financial system and banking had encountered many misfortunes such as mortgages and bankruptcies. There were greater chances that loans and salaries were deferred[1]. Unfortunately, it was impossible for the insurance companies to cover all of the damages made by the bombing. The demand for social service would greatly increase but the complimentary salary is more likely not to go on with the increase. People felt uncompensated. Government policies would likely be ignored since people were seeing the great decline in each individual’s stability as well as that of the countries, regional and national economic permanence (Kartz, Osdoby, n.p). The government would most likely require interventions in the goal to save more of the industries that would provide the needs, goods and services needed by the people.

Conclusion

Overall, the atomic violence made it almost impossible for Japan to recover and took them decades to at least recover their status economically. People who were lucky enough to survive the catastrophe were disoriented and threatened that made them not focus on the rehabilitation and restoration of their lives. The effects of the aftermath of the bombing of the United States also affected them; there were a decrease of food and industrial exports that will result to unbalanced payments, affecting the currency since dollar would be weakened. Even other countries that depend on US for their food supply also experienced shortages and scarcity of resources. Rehabilitations required a humongous amount of fortune but with great efforts, Japan was able to be back to where it really belongs and now, it is in the top ten of the world’s most influential and powerful countries in economic progress. Lastly, even if the country, Japan, was able to make life for its people, the bombing was really not helpful in any other possible way of thinking simply because it was very destructive and lots of lives were perished.

Works cited:

Campaign For Nuclear Disarmament (CND). The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Web. http://www.cnduk.org/campaigns/global-abolition/hiroshima-a-nagasaki

Ham, Paul. Hiroshima Nagasaki: The reak Story of the Atomic Bombings and their Aftermath. Web. http://us.macmillan.com/hiroshimanagasaki/paulham

History Channel: Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Web. http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki

Kartz,Arthur, Osdoby, Sima. The Social and Economic Effects of Nuclear War. Web.  http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa009.html

Tanaka, Yuki, Young, Marilyn. Bombing Civilians A twentieth-Century history. Web. http://thenewpress.com/books/bombing-civilians

The New York Times. Truman Says he made Final Decision to use the Atomic Bomb Against Japan. Web. http:/intserver1.wsulibs.esu.edu.2182/docview/107861372?accountid=1490